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Courses

A complete listing of courses offered in the Department of Biology is shown below. Information on courses eligible for specific electives is shown under the appropriate menu item for each curriculum on the left.  In the list below contact and credit hours of each course are shown in parentheses immediately following the course title. The first figure, lecture, indicates the number of contact hours per week in lecture, the second, lab, indicates the number of contact hours per week in laboratory, and the third represents the total semester hours credit awarded to students for satisfactory completion of the course. For example, (3,2,4) indicates that the student will spend three hours in lecture and two hours in lab per week for 4 semester hour credits. In the case of seminars and individual instruction courses only the credit is shown, e.g. (3). In the case of variable credit courses only the minimum and maximum credit is shown, e.g. (1-6).

[200 Level courses] [300 Level courses] [400 Level courses] [LUMCON courses]

100 Level courses

110. FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY I. (3, 0, 3).
Organic molecules, cell structure and function, Mendelian genetics, general physiology and reproduction. Prereq: minimum ACT English score of 23 or better or ENGL 101 with “C” or better, or eligibility for MATH 105.  Restriction: Students will be allowed to enroll in this course only three times. (LCCN: CBIO 1033)

111. FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY II. (3, 0, 3).
Molecular genetics, evolution, speciation, plant reproduction and structure, community structures and interactions, biochemical cycles, biodiversity, and conservation. Prereq: BIOL 110.

112. FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY I LAB. (0, 2, 1).
Prereq or coreq: BIOL 110.

113. FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY II LAB. (0, 2, 1).
Prereq: BIOL 112
Prereq or coreq: BIOL 111.

121. BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES AND ISSUES I. (3, 0, 3).
Introduction to cell biology, genetics, biotechnology, evolution, and diversity of plants and animals, emphasizing relevance to personal public health. Prereq: ENGL ACT score of 23 or completion of ENGL 101 with a “C” or better and eligibility for MATH 105. Restriction: Not available to Biology majors.

122. BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES AND ISSUES II. (3, 0, 3).
Introduction to animal and plant structure and function, animal behavior, and ecology, emphasizing relevance to personal and public health. Prereq: BIOL 121. Restriction: Not available to Biology majors.

123. BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES AND ISSUES I LABORATORY. (0, 2, 1).
Prereq or Coreq: BIOL 121. Restriction: Not available to Biology majors.

124. BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES AND ISSUES II LABORATORY. (0, 2, 1).
Prereq or Coreq: BIOL 122. Restriction: Not available to Biology majors.


200 Level courses


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201. VERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY. (3, 3, 4).
Survey of the phylogeny, classification and natural history of fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Prereq: BIOL 203.

203. BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY. (3, 0, 3).
Survey of phylogeny, classification and natural history of the kingdoms: Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia. Prereq: BIOL 111.

206. BIOLOGY FOR ELEMENTARY EDUCATION MAJORS. (2,2,3).
Investigative approach to principles and concepts of Biology and instruction in inquiry-based learning. Prereq: GEOL 225, CHEM 212. Restriction: Not available to Biology majors.

208. BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES LABORATORY FOR TEACHERS. (0, 2, 1).
Coreq: BIOL 122. Restriction: Not available to Biology majors.

216. APPLIED ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY FOR KINESIOLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Essentials of anatomy and physiology for non-physical and occupational therapy majors. Prereq: BIOL 110 with a grade of “C” or better. Coreq: BIOL 217.

217. APPLIED ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY LABORATORY FOR KINESIOLOGY. (0, 2, 1).
Emphasis on anatomy and basic human physiology. Prereq: BIOL 110 with a grade of “C” or better. Coreq: BIOL 216.

220. SURVEY OF HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Structure and function of all body systems. Intended for biology and allied health majors. NOTE: Students will be allowed to enroll in this course only twice. Prereq: BIOL 110 with a grade of “C” or better. Coreq: BIOL 221.

221. SURVEY OF HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY LABORATORY. (1, 0, 1).
Integrated cat anatomy and basic human physiology principles. NOTE: Students will be allowed to enroll in this course only twice. Prereq: BIOL 110 with a grade of “C” or better. Coreq: BIOL 220.

230. FUNDAMENTALS OF CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Structure and function of cells and molecules essential to cellular process. Prereq: BIOL 110, 112 with a grade of C or better, BIOL 111 and CHEM 107. Coreq: BIOL 231.

231. FUNDAMENTALS OF CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY LABORATORY. (0, 3, 1).
Prereq: BIOL 111, 112. Coreq: BIOL 230.

232. FUNDAMENTALS OF CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, HONORS. (4, 0, 3).
Prereq: Permission of instructor required. Coreq: BIOL 231.

233. GENETICS AND EVOLUTION. (3, 0, 3).
Introduction to heredity, genetic analysis, and evolution; problem solving and quantitative reasoning. Prereq: BIOL 230. Coreq: BIOL 234.

234. GENETICS AND EVOLUTION LABORATORY. (0, 3, 1).
Prereq: BIOL 230. Coreq: BIOL 233.

261. GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Morphology, biology and growth of various groups of microorganisms and their effect on man and his environment. Prereq: BIOL 110.

263. GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY LABORATORY. (0, 6, 2).
Fundamental techniques of microbial culture and identification. Prereq or Coreq: BIOL 261. Prereq: CHEM 108, 115.

264. MICROBIOLOGY LABORATORY. (0, 2, 1).
Survey of laboratory techniques in microbiology. Prereq or coreq: BIOL 261.


300 Level courses


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300. CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES. (3, 0, 3).
Environmental resources, conservation and sustainable use of resources. Current regional and global environmental problems. Restriction: Fulfills the general education biology requirement; credit to biology majors as elective only.

303. SOCIOBIOLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Biological and evolutionary basis of social behavior. Natural selection and genes; kin selection and altruism, reproductive behavior and strategies, sociality in animals, and relevance of sociobiology in understanding human behavior. Restriction: Fulfills the general education biology requirement; credit to biology majors as elective only.

304. PLANTS AND HUMAN AFFAIRS. (3, 0, 3).
Analysis of man's dependence on plants for food, drugs, materials and energy. Restriction: Credit to biology majors as free elective only.

305. SURVEY OF MARINE BIOLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Biological realms, biodiversity, biogeography, ecological processes, and environmental issues in marine waters. Prereq: BIOL 111 or 121. Restriction: credit to biology majors as elective only.

306. DIVERSITY OF LAND PLANTS. (2, 4, 4).
Morphology, reproductive biology and ecology of terrestrial plants. Terrestrial algae, bryophytes and vascular plants. Prereq: BIOL 203.

307. FIELD TECHNIQUES. (2, 2, 3).
Principles and techniques of field research involving plant and animal populations. Prereq: BIOL 111, or BIO 121, or MATH 250 with a grade of “C” or better.

308. PLANT ANATOMY. (3, 2, 4).
Survey of seed plants, including origin and development of tissues and anatomy of root, stem, leaf, and reproductive structures. Prereq: BIOL 203.

309. WILDLIFE ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT. (2, 2, 3).
Ecology and management of bird and mammal populations subject to recreational or commercial harvest. Emphasis on management of population dynamics and habitat. Prereq: BIOL 233.

310. VERTEBRATE ENDOCRINOLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Hormonal control emphasizing gender differentiation, growth, reproduction, stress response and environmental endocrine disruption in mammals, birds and reptiles. Prereq: BIOL 203.

311. VERTEBRATE ENDOCRINOLOGY LABORATORY. (0, 2, 1).
Exercises demonstrating hormonal control, gender differentiation, growth, reproduction, stress response, and environmental endocrine disruption in mammals, birds, and reptiles. Prereq or coreq: BIOL 310.

312. INTRODUCTION TO COASTAL ECOLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Ecology of coastal ecosystems covering wetlands, barrier islands and tidal waters and their associated flora and fauna, including management and restoration considerations.  Restriction: Upper division students only and credit to biology majors as free elective.

313. ANIMAL SCIENCE . (3, 0, 3).
Introduction to animal digestion, nutrition, metabolism, reproduction and genetics.  Restriction: Fulfills the general education biology requirement; credit to biology majors as elective only.

314. ANIMAL SCIENCE LABORATORY. (0, 2, 1).
Lab to accompany Biol 313. Prereq or Coreq: BIOL 313. Restriction: Fulfills the general education biology requirement; credit to biology majors as elective only.

318. ADVANCED HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY. (3, 2, 4).
Cat anatomy and advanced principles of human physiology as they pertain to all body systems. NOTE: Students will be allowed to enroll in this course only twice. Prereq: BIOL 220, 221, or equivalent introductory anatomy and physiology course with a grade of “C” or better.

319. SURVEY OF INVERTEBRATE ANIMALS. (3, 3, 4).
Classification and recognition of major invertebrate animal groups, with emphasis on organ-systems, ontogeny, structural systematic characters, and taxonomy of invertebrates, excepting insects. Laboratory centers on morphology and systematics of representative taxa. Prereq: BIOL 203.

321. ENTOMOLOGY. (2, 2, 3).
Structure, life histories, classification, ecology, economic importance, and control of insects. Prereq: BIOL 203.

325. GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY. (3, 3, 4).
Basic physiological processes common to animal, plant, and microbial systems; nutrient acquisition, metabolism, molecular and bulk transport, motility, intercellular communication; regulatory processes and interaction with the physical environment. Prereq: BIOL 203 and CHEM 231, or permission of instructor required.

326. MICROBIOL PHYSIOLOGY AND GENETICS. (3, 0, 3).
Microbial nutrition, growth, metabolic reactions and control mechanisms. Prereq: BIOL 233, 261.

333. LOCAL FLORA. (2, 2, 4).
Collection and identification of Louisiana plants. Field trips required. Prereq: BIOL 203.

341. DENDROLOGY. (2, 4, 4).
Classification and identification of woody plants, emphasis on plants from Southeastern United States. Field trips required. Prereq: BIOL 203.

344. POPULATION ECOLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Quantitative analysis of the ecological properties of plant and animal populations. Topics include population parameters, life table analysis, population growth, and techniques of estimating population size. Prereq: BIOL 233.

351. PARASITOLOGY. (2, 2, 3).
Parasites of man and other animals. Prereq: BIOL 203 or permission of instructor required.

354. PATHOGENIC MICROBIOLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, pathogenesis and treatment of viral, bacterial and fungal diseases. Prereq: BIOL 261, 340, 342, or permission of instructor required.

356. PATHOGENIC MICROBIOLOGY LABORATORY. (0, 6, 2).
Prereq: BIOL 263. Coreq: BIOL 354 or permission of instructor required.

360. PRINCIPLES OF ECOLOGY. (3, 3, 4).
General principles of ecology that integrate the patterns and processes of organisms, populations, communities, and ecosystems; and the application of these principles to environmental problems. Prereq: MATH 250, BIOL 233, or permission of instructor required.

370. SPECIAL TOPICS IN BIOLOGY. (1-4).
Content varies. Course title will appear on student’s transcript. Advanced treatment of a selected biological phenomenon.

399. JUNIOR RESEARCH PROPOSAL. (4).
First in a series of three courses (including 498, 499). Investigation of literature in a particular field of biology under supervision of a faculty member. Emphasis is on preparation for laboratory or field research; includes writing a research proposal. Prior to registering, the student must find a faculty member willing to supervise this project. Restriction: Junior standing required.


400 Level courses


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To enroll in any 400-level course, students must be admitted to the Upper Division; to enroll in a 400(G)-level course in which there are graduate students, students must have junior or higher standing.

400-401. MICROBIOLOGICAL PREPARATIONS I, II. (0, 4, 2 each).
Laboratory preparations for the advanced undergraduate student. Prereq: BIOL 261, 263; CHEM 108, 115.

403(G). FUNDAMENTALS OF VIROLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Structure, assay, classification, biochemistry and molecular biology of viruses.

405(G). MAMMALOGY. (3, 2, 4).
Emphasis on structure, classification, distribution, life history, evolution, and identification of mammals of the world. Participation in extended field trips is required. Restriction: Permission of instructor required.

407(G). ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY. (3, 3, 4).
Overview of occurrence of pollutants in aquatic and terrestrial environments and the atmosphere, pollutant dynamics and metabolism, and pollutant effects on biota at different organizational levels. Laboratory centers on methodology, instrumentation, and other practical aspects. Prereq: BIOL 110, 111; CHEM 107, or permission of instructor required.

408(G). PLANT PHYSIOLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Water relations, mineral nutrition, respiration, photosynthesis and light regulation, phytohormones, and movements of plants.

409(G). PLANT PHYSIOLOGY LABORATORY. (0, 5, 2).
Laboratory exercises on quantitative physiological effects and enzyme, protein, light, and hormonal control. Coreq: BIOL 408(G).

410. INDIVIDUAL PROJECT. (1-6).
Collaboration with a faculty member on a biological research project. Prior to registering, the student must find a faculty member willing to collaborate on a research project. Restriction: Junior standing and fourteen credits of biology.

412(G). CONSERVATION BIOLOGY AND BIODIVERSITY. (3, 0, 3).
Application of ecological and evolutionary theory to the management of rare and threatened species, communities, and ecosystems. Emphasis on human threats to wildlife species and habitats. Prereq: BIOL 203.

413(G). HERPETOLOGY. (3, 4, 4).
Biology of amphibians and reptiles, including studies of diversity, evolution, behavior, ecology, physiology, and conservation. Laboratory focuses on diversity, systematics, biogeography, and conservation. Required field trips. Prereq: BIOL 203 or permission of instructor required.

414(G). ORNITHOLOGY. (3, 3, 4).
Avian evolution, ecology, physiology, and behavior. Laboratories include required field trips and focus on identification, life history, and conservations of birds. Prereq: BIOL 215. Restriction: Permission of instructor required.

415(G). BIOGEOGRAPHY. (3, 0, 3).
Integration of concepts of ecology, evolutionary biology, geology, and physical geography relative to distribution of species.

417. RESOURCE BIOLOGY INTERNSHIP. (1-3).
Structured participation in professional work experience in the biological sciences. Restriction: Biology majors only, junior standing.

418(G). MICROSCOPY THEORY AND APPLICATIONS. (3, 0, 3).
Includes light, electron, fluorescence, and scanning probe microscopy. Emphasis on computer-based acquisition and processing of images. Prereq: BIOL 110; CHEM 108.

420. SCIENTIFIC CRUISE OR EXPEDITION. (1-6).
Structured participation in an oceanographic cruise, scientific expedition or similar research endeavor. (5 day minimum.) Routine course field trips and unsupervised trips will not apply. Restriction: Junior standing and permission of advisor required.

423(G).  NEUROBIOLOGY. (0, 3, 1). Nervous system structure, development, cell types, and function. This course will review the cellular physiology of sensory systems, Neural and glial physiology, major circuits, response to environment, evolutionary relationships, neurobiology of behavior and nervous system disorders.

424(G).  NEUROBIOLOGY LABORATORY. (0, 3, 1). Lab component to Neurobiology.

425(G). DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Basic embryology, molecular aspects of development, and some model developmental processes including the controls of differentiation, regeneration and pattern formation. Prereq: 12 hours of BIOL.

426(G). DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY LABORATORY. (0, 3, 1).
Observation and experimentation using embryos of sea urchin, frog and chick. Histological preparations. Coreq: BIOL 425(G).

427(G). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN AND ANALYSIS. (3, 2, 4).
Fundamentals of designing and implementing field experiments from the initial planning stage to data analysis, interpretation, and publication.

428(G). THE HISTORY OF ECOLOGICAL MODELING. (1, 0, 1).
Modeling and applications of mathematical models to ecological questions.

433(G). PLANT SYSTEMATICS AND BIODIVERSITY. (3, 2, 4).
Origin, evaluation, and relationship of flowering plants. Prereq: BIOL 333. Restriction: If prerequisites not met permission of instructor required.

434(G). HISTOLOGY. (2, 4, 4).
Study of vertebrate tissues. Prereq: BIOL 111.

435. HONORS HISTOLOGY. (2, 4, 4).
Restriction: Permission of instructor required.

436(G). COMPARATIVE VERTEBRATE MORPHOLOGY. (3, 3, 4).
Evolution of vertebrate organ systems and morphology in terms of ontogenetic origins, structure, function, and adaptation. Laboratory dissection of vertebrates. Prereq: BIOL 203, 233.

440(G). ESTUARINE ECOLOGY & COASTAL MARINE BIOLOGY. (3, 3, 4).
Ecological processes in coastal marine environments from estuaries to the continental shelf. Focus on ecological interactions among organisms and their environment; influence of the land-sea interface on community dynamics; and current and emerging issues in coastal marine ecosystems. Required weekend field trip. Prereq: BIOL 203 and CHEM 108.

441(G). LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY. (3, 3, 4).
Origins, geology, physics, chemistry, and biological productivity of inland water bodies, estuaries, and oceans. Laboratory centers on methodology, instrumentation, and other practical aspects of freshwater and marine studies; required field trips. Prereq: BIOL 203 CHEM 108, and MATH 140 or 143, or equivalents.

442(G). IMMUNOBIOLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Fundamental concepts of infection and the immune response. Theories and applications of humoral, cellular and molecular immunology. Prereq: CHEM 231, 232 or permission of instructor required.

443(G). IMMUNOBIOLOGY LABORATORY. (0, 6, 2).
Experimental and serological applications of immunobiology for diagnosis of viral, bacterial and fungal diseases and for investigation of research problems. Prereq or Coreq: BIOL 442(G).

444(G). FISH CULTURE. (2, 2, 3).
Propagation and production of fishes; hatchery techniques; discussion of management of culture ponds, raceways, cages, and tanks; live transport of fish; fish diseases and parasites; artificial feeding and nutrition of fishes. Field trips to state and private hatcheries and research stations. Prereq: BIOL 203, or permission of instructor required.

445(G). ICHTHYOLOGY. (2, 4, 4).
Classification, zoogeography, and evolution of fishes. Includes ecological factors affecting fish community structure, adaptations of specialized fish fauna, including those of deep sea, epipelagic, polar, and coral reef habitats. Required field trips. Prereq: BIOL 203. Restriction: If prerequisites not met permission of instructor required.

446(G). FISH ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT. (3, 3, 4).
Biotic interactions among fishes and their environment and effects of conservation and management practices on fish ecology, ecosystem function, and human well-being. Prereq: BIOL 203, BIOL 360. Restriction: If prerequisites not met permission of instructor required.

452. SENIOR SEMINAR. (1, 0, 1).
Practical experience in the presentation and critique of papers from the biological literature. Restriction: BIOL majors only.

453(G). MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR ENGINEERING. (3, 0, 3).
Fundamental concepts of genetic engineering as they are currently being applied to the development of superior strains of microbes, plants and animals for use in industry and biomedicine. Prereq: BIOL 325, CHEM 317. Coreq: BIOL 454. Restriction: if prerequisites not met permission of instructor is required.

454(G). MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR ENGINEERING LABORATORY. (0, 6, 2).
Coreq: BIOL 453(G).

455(G). MOLECULAR BIOLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Structure, function and evolution of biological systems at the molecular level with emphasis on gene structure and regulation. Prereq: 12 hours of BIOL.

457(G). ADVANCED CELL BIOLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Mechanisms and pathways responsible for membrane transport, metabolism, gene expression, protein synthesis and secretion, membrane trafficking, cytoskeleton dynamics, and cell signaling. Prereq: BIOL 230 and 8 hours of BIOL.

458(G). ADVANCED CELL BIOLOGY LABORATORY. (0, 4, 2).
The molecular basis of fundamental processes. Emphasis on experimentation using live cells. Coreq: BIOL 457(G).

461(G). AQUATIC AND WETLAND VASCULAR PLANTS. (2, 4, 4).
Identification, ecology, and adaptations of vascular aquatic and wetland plants.

464(G). HONORS ADVANCED CELL BIOLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Restriction: Permission of instructor required.

466(G). HONORS ADVANCED CELL BIOLOGY LABORATORY. (0, 4, 2).
Restriction: Permission of instructor required.

480(G). MARINE MICROBIOLOGY. (2, 0, 3).
Ecology, function, and physiology of marine microorganisms.

481(G). MARINE MICROBIOLOGY LABORATORY. (0, 3, 1).
Sampling and culturing of microorganisms from the sea.

482(G). COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY. (2, 4, 4).
Comparative aspects of regulatory, metabolic, and sensory physiology in animals. Emphasis on adaptations to environmental stress. Integrated laboratory. Prereq: BIOL 203 and CHEM 231, or permission of instructor required.

485(G). MARINE BOTANY. (4).
Comparative study of marine and coastal algae, including classification, morphology, life cycles, and ecology. Emphasis on field and laboratory studies. Prereq: 16 hours of biology. Restriction: Permission of instructor required.

495. SPECIAL TOPICS IN BIOLOGY. (3, 0, 3).
Content varies (see current offerings). Alternate subtitles will appear on transcript. Restriction: Permission of instructor required.

498. SENIOR THESIS I. (4).
Second in a series of three courses (including 399, 499). Preliminary laboratory or field research performed to investigate hypothesis stated in Junior Research Proposal. Emphasis on learning research techniques. Prior to registering, the student must find a faculty member willing to collaborate on a research project. Prereq: BIOL 399 or permission of the instructor.

499. SENIOR THESIS II. (4).
Third in a series of three courses (including 399, 498). Continuation of research project begun in 498. Emphasis on learning how to approach biological research and how to use research methods to answer questions posed in Junior Research Proposal. A research paper, in the form of a thesis, will be written. Prereq: BIOL 498 and permission of instructor required.
 


LUMCON courses


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LUMCON (Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium). The Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium was formed to coordinate and stimulate Louisiana’s activities in marine research and education. LUMCON provides coastal laboratory facilities to Louisiana universities and conducts research and education programs in the marine sciences. Participating universities are Louisiana State University, Nicholls State University, and the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. The LUMCON Board reports to the State Board of Regents. Students at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette have an opportunity to register for summer courses as listed below. Interested students must consult their advisor or departmental administrator before registering for a course.

270. INTRODUCTION TO MARINE ZOOLOGY. (4).
Survey of classification, morphology, physiology and ecology of marine animals especially of the Louisiana Gulf coast. Four week summer course, alternating years. Prereq: BIOL 110 or 111, or permission of instructor.

271. INTRODUCTION TO MARINE SCIENCE. (4).
Introduction to chemical, geological, physical, and biological processes in the oceans and coastal environments; interrelationships of humans and the marine environment. Four week summer course, alternating years. Prereq: BIOL 110 or 111. Restriction: Permission of department required.

448. MARINE INVERTEBRATE ECOLOGY. (3).
Study of the interaction of marine and estuarine invertebrates with their environment. Emphasis on understanding functional role of invertebrates and how the environment shapes morphology, physiology, and behavior. Three week summer course, alternating years. Restriction: 16 hours biology courses and permission of department required.

449. MARINE FISH ECOLOGY. (3).
Ecology of coastal marine fishes emphasizing how fish utilize coastal habitats and how environmental factors influence distribution, movement, growth, reproduction, abundance, and interspecific interactions of fishes. Three week summer course, alternating years. Restriction: 16 hours biology courses and permission of department required..

450. MARINE FIELD ECOLOGY. (4).
Relationships of marine and estuarine organisms to environmental factors; interactions among organisms; ecological processes of energy and materials flow; field studies of communities and ecosystem of the Louisiana costal zone. Four week summer course, alternating years. Restriction: 16 hours biology courses and permission of department required.

451. WETLAND VEGETATION. (3).
Identification, taxonomy and distribution of wetland plants. Plant adaptations, vegetation analysis methods, marsh types, community processes and coastal wetland restoration. Three week summer course, alternating years. Restriction: 16 hours biology courses and permission of department required.

456. CORAL REEF ECOLOGY. (3).
Introductory and interdisciplinary course in ecology of coral reef ecosystems emphasizing ecological and evolutionary processes. One and a half weeks at LUMCON and one and a half weeks in Florida. Three week summer course, alternating years. Restriction: 16 hours biology courses and permission of department required.

459. CHANGING COASTAL OCEANS. (3).
Advanced topics in marine science emphasizing effects of human activities on the chemistry, biology and ecology of coastal marine systems. Taught at LUMCON via compressed video networking and requires one field trip to the LUMCON center. Restriction: 16 hours biology courses and permission of department required.

460. SPECIAL TOPICS IN MARINE SCIENCE. (1-6).
Intensive field study of a special topic in marine science. Courses offered vary from summer to summer. Restriction: Permission of department required.

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